Before Nigeria became a republic, the state was run by different governments that ranged from the colonel era to the military. During this period, it was said that most of the military that ruled the country had either influenced the country physically or had caused many of the issues that today have no root of solution.
Among other military head of state, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida is whom we are to discuss today.
Babangida’ s Early Life
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida was born on August 17th, 1941 in Minna to the parents of Muhammad and Aisha Babangida. They were said to be in Minna, where Ibrahim was raised.
Before attending primary school, Ibrahim was initially thought to have Islamic knowledge from 1950 to 1954. This gave him more time to pursue his ambitions. However, his father was said to be a rich and wealthy man, which made him gain ownership of Minna.
Babangida attended college at Government College Bidan in 1957- 1962 with these; prominent men, Abdulsalam Abubakar, Manman Vatsa, Mohammed Mangoro. He graduated and decided to join the Nigerian army on December 10, 1963, after the independence of Nigeria.
This made him witness the declaration of Nigeria as a republic, alongside with his place in a fulfilling career at the Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna. Aside from that, he received his first commission in the Nigerian royal army as a second lieutenant and regular combatant officer.
DUE to the fact that he was ranked by the Indian military army order as N/438 on September 26, where he attended the India military academy the same year, which gave him more reputation and improve his achievements as the Nigerian army, even with several ranks from the country and position stability, and at the same time, he gained the favor of mingling with the international army force and was posted as the 1 reconnaissance squadron from 1964 to 1966.
Babangida’ s Presidential Era
He also held the position of Nigerian president during the military era, from 27 August 1985 to 27 August 1993. He was saddled with the responsibility of knowing or setting the success of Nigerian political standards and growth.
He placed as a debate in the inauguration of the system. In addition to his good deeds while in power, he contributed to the development of some infrastructure and the standard of living in the country. Starting from the changes executed in the monetary aspect, agricultural, schools, and other recreational activities, he made sure that things were done orderly within the relationship shared between the country and its foreign associations.
On September 23, 1987, he founded the Road Safety Corps to better manage Nigerian roads. On August 17, 1991, he was able to create two states, Akwa Ibom and Kastina State, before the creation of the other nine states, Abia, Delta, Enugu, Jigawa, Kebbi, Osun, Taraba, Kogi, and Yobe, bringing the total number of states founded in Nigeria to thirty- one.
Crisis Of The Third Republic
In 1987, he began with the plan of the third Nigeria republic through the creation of two parties, such as the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the National Republican Convention (NRC) ahead of the 1992 general election.
However, the two parties were recognized as leper parties by a Nigerian citizen who had criticized his government, known as Bola Ige, and at the same time, the president encouraged people to join either or both parties in the run for the election. The two parties were also linked to the inauguration of the presidential election, which went as planned by Babangida and his other members of the cabinet. He also brought out the party he had created as well, immediately after the census began.
See Why The 1993 Presidential Election Was Annulled By IBB
The 12 June 1993 election was the first of its kind after the military coup in 1983 that ended the Second Republic, yet it was brought up when IBB had failed to follow up or agree with the major victory of the NEC.
The election was annulled by him as a result of not following the instructions or irregularities of the NEC. The two parties, Mashood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola (S. D. P) and Bashir Tafa of the National Republican Convention (N. R. C) Meanwhile, the winner of the election wasn’ t declared, rather the state was handed over to and headed by Sani Abacha, a militant who turned the country into a bloody and over- treated country without remedy.