38 Minutes: The Shortest War Ever Happened In The Human History

Shortest war In history

The Anglo- Zanzibar war of 1896 is said to be the shortest war in history, lasting only 38 minutes. It all started with the Heligoland- Zanzibar Treaty in 1890, a threatening attitude between Britain and Germany that established spheres of influence between the imperial powers in East Africa.

Germany was in charge of Mainland Tanzania, while Zanzibar was ceded to British influence. Tanzania was declared a protectorate of the British Empire, after which they went ahead and installed their own Puppet Sultan to look after the religion.

Among the people in Tanzania was a man named Hamad Bin Thuwaini, who was a British supporter in the area and was forced to leave Tanzania because of his religion.

He ruled without war or conflict for over 3 years until August 25, 1896, when he died in his palace. Even though no one knew about his death, it was widely believed that his cousin, Khalid bin Barghash, had been poisoned. Khalid moved into the palace immediately after Hamad’ s death and assumed the position of Sultan without British approval.

This only gave people confidence and evidence that he had killed his cousin. However, both local British diplomats and chief diplomats were dissatisfied with his actions.

Basil Cave, chief of the British emperor, asked Khalid to resign immediately, but he refused, instead gathering his own forces around the palace. His forces were heavily armed, thanks to gifts given to Hamad by the British while he was still on the way.

By the end of August 25th, Khalid had secured his palace with over 3000 men, both holding artillery guns and even a modestly armed Royal Yacht in the nearby harbor.

By this time, the British had two ships anchored in the harbor in their territory, which were the HMS Philomel and the HMS Ruth, while troops were onboard to protect the British consultants and to keep the local population from getting hurt or rioting.

Cave, on his part, demanded assistance from a nearby British ship, which was the HMS Sparrow that entered the harbor on the evening of 25 August. Cave, who was prepared to host the war, was not permitted to do so without proper authority from the British government, which would allow him to prepare for the war.

So he sent a telegram to the Foreign Office that evening, seeking their permission. He seeks an order to fight a war at the palace from the men of war, since Khalid has decided not to adhere to peace.

The next day, two more men entered the harbor, which were the HMS Raccoon and the Hms St George. There they did away with Rearing Admiral Harry Rawson, commander of the British, and at the same time, Cave received a telegraph from Whitehall, with full permission to do as pleased him with Khalid and his men, and the British government.

Furthermore, he was warned not to take an over- the- top action that he would be unable to complete in the end. The written warning to Khalid to leave the palace was issued to him on 26 August, demanding Khalid to leave the palace the next day, and that night, Cave ordered all non- military boats to leave the harbor in preparation for the war. At 8 a. m. , an hour before the warning to Khalid expired, he sent a reply to Cave, expressing his complete confidence that Cave would not be able to attack him or him, and then lowered his flag as the Sultan.

In response, Cave stated that he would not be willing to open fire on the palace if Khalid would leave, but that if Khalid did not leave, he would start a war in the palace.

Because they were both Khalid men, the British ships in the harbor were ordered to begin entering the palace at 9 a. m. By 9: 02, the majority of Khalid’ s men had been destroyed, even the wooden structure, which had collapsed with about 3000 defenders inside.

Khalid found a means of escaping from the back exit, leaving his servants and fighters to defend the palace alone. With no further fighting, the battle was called off at 9: 40 a. m. , when the Sultan’ s flag was raised, marking the end of the world’ s shortest war, which had officially lasted only 38 minutes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.