Cleopatra: How A Powerful Woman Became The Leader Of Egypt After Her Father’s Death

Powerful Woman Became The Leader Of Egypt

Cleopatra VII was the last queen and last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. She was born on 10 August 30 BC to a ruling Ptolemaic pharaoh Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra has siblings, Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII, Theos Philopator.

However, she grew up to be tutored by Philostratus, from whom she learned the Greek arts of oration and philosophy through her education at the Museum and Liberty of Alexandria.

The Reign Of Cleopatra As Queen

As custom demanded, she performed a ritual signifying appeasing the gods of ancient Egypt by introducing the sacred Buchis bull. At that time, she faced challenges and controversial situations while ascending the throne, ranging from humanity to natural disasters such as famine caused by drought and a low level of the annual flooding of the River Nile alongside the Gabinus soldier.

How Was Her Military Challenge Like?

Being a queen, her command and regard weren’ t highly respected by Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus, who at first turned down her response when she heard of an ongoing negotiation he had with the Gabinus soldiers intending to recruit his soldiers with the Gabinus soldiers as planned to gain easy access to Queen Cleopatra.

However, his plans were aborted after the torture and killing of his selected soldier by the Gabinus soldier. While he failed, he started accusing her of interfacing into the state adjudication as he continued until he was able to prevent Caesar from landing a fleet in Greece during Caesar’ s civil war, along with his colleague Pompey, who could face consequences when Caesar’ s civil war reached Egypt in pursuit of Pompey.

As a result, Ptolemy XIII failed to alienate Cleopatra towards her leadership as queen of Egypt, as demanded, since Cleopatra’ s honor would be granted with a man standing as an advocate for the strength governing her leadership in Egypt.

His reason was most likely due to a sibling marriage, which was first practiced by Ptolemy II and his sister, Arsinoe II.

Nonetheless, this is a clear rejection of Egypt’ s co- ruler. However, the fact behind his rejection is that Cleopatra had a clear view of her plan and wanted to rule the kingdom rather than Cleopatra. Despite this, Ptolemy still had the privilege of accessing more power from his childhood tutor against Cleopatra’ s leadership alongside Achilles and Theodotus of Chios.

This provoked Cleopatra so that she had to see Ptolemy XIII, her failing brother, and at the same time, make an attempt to protect the family properties against being converted to Ptolemy’ s ward of ownership. Quite disappointingly, all the documents regarding the family properties have been illegally signed with Ptolemy XIII, name.

Being the first ruler to speak the Egyptian language, Plutarch implied that she also spoke Ethiopian, which was the language of the Syrians. Cleopatra as well, once traveled to Rome as a client queen in 46 and 44BC, after the assignation of Caesar, and with her position, she transformed a co- ruler called Caesar in place of Ptolemy XIV.

Cleopatra Fell In Love

Apart from this, her involvement in the liberator civil war held in 42 BC is traceable to her collision with the Roman second Triumvirate, alongside Caesar’ s grandnephew and Aemilia. At this point, she had fallen in love with Antony, who oversaw the community’ s rule by descendants of Alexandria as a donated community.

Cleopatra, out of love, assigned Arsinoe to execute while she provided the necessary materials for a successful battle, including the execution of the Parthian Empire and the kingdom of Armenia.

Meanwhile, Antony had divorced his wife, Octavian’ s sister, whom he called Octavia Minor, sister to Octavian. This led to the final war of the Roman Republic in revenge for his sister’ s divorce, in which he succeeded by forcing Antony’ s allies in the Roman Senate to flee from Rome in 32 BC, and again extended the battle against Cleopatra with a defeat of her and Antony. When Antony realized that he had already been defeated, he committed suicide. The same applied to Cleopatra when she had full knowledge of Octavian’ s planning to bring her to his Roman Triumphal procession, in 32 BC, t

Cleopatra’ s Legacy

Despite being a queen, Cleopatra’ s art was situated with the use of modern artworks in which Roman historiography and Latin provided an image of Cleopatra that pervaded later Medieval and Renaissance literature. Cleopatra, on the other hand, was not just a ruler; she was the subject of many works bearing her name and controlled contributions to Egypt’ s economic growth.

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