Marie Curie was born on November 7, 1864, in Warsaw, Congress Poland, in the Russian Empire to a family she spent her entire lives in education, with her grandfather as a principal.
Marie was the fifth and youngest child of her parents, Bronislawa, nee Boguska, and Wladyslaw Sklodowski. The family lost their properties when Poland was fighting for independence from 1863 to 1865.
The situation led the family into a difficult struggle, especially Marie and her older siblings, in order to survive, her grandfather, from her paternal home, who was a leading figure in Poland’ s literature development took Marie.
In addition, Marie’ s father, Wladyslaw, taught mathematics and physics in Poland, which Marie was asked to go after as a career. He also invested money in bad investments that led to the high rate of their poverty, and he is also said to have brought some of the science equipment needed for the school into his house, which he instructed his children to use after the laboratory equipment was eliminated by the Russian authorities.
He was shot to death by a Russian supervisor after discovering what he had done as a sentiment with his family using the laboratory equipment at home. This happened years after Curie had graduated. After her mother died as a result of tuberculosis in May 1878, Marie’ s elder sister died as a result of Typhus contracted at the boarding school.
Despite her parents’ strong faith in the Catholic Church, the fact that her father was an atheist and her mother was a devout Catholic, did not prevent Marie from making the decision she did when her beloved mother and sister died. She decided to become an agnostic.
Marie Educational Life
At age ten, Curie attended the boarding school of J. Sikorska before attending the gymnasium for girls, where she graduated on June 12th, 1883, with a gold medal as a winning class lady. A few years later, when expected to enroll in a higher university, being a woman, her father denied her such an opportunity along with her sister.
After sometimes, she eventually enrolled in Flying University, also known as Floating University, a political and patriotic institution of higher learning where only women were permitted to attend.
As her sister Bronislawa was already in Paris studying medicine at the time, Marie agreed to use her tutor money to help Bronislawa achieve her goal of becoming a medical doctor, and after two years, Bronislawa would reciprocate by assisting her. And in accomplishment of this, Curie took two positions, which were as governess to a close family of Szczuki’ s and as tutor to her uncle, who was a relative to her father.
She fell in love with her uncle’ s son, who she admired as a mathematician but was unable to fight for the right to marry her since she was a relative to the family, and she lost the relationship as well. While Marie awaited her sister’ s promise in return, she was disappointed when Bronislawa got married to Kazimierz Dluski, a Polish physician and social and political activist.
They invited Marie to Paris to spend her days with them, but she refused, insisting on gathering money for her university or furthering her education. While doing these, she continued reading books, exchanging letters, and being a tutor herself.
When she returned from school, she could return to the Governess and continue her tutoring lifestyle in order to earn income. She became a tutor at Flying University, where she displayed her practical scientific training as well, in 1890– 91, in the field of a chemical laboratory that was run by her cousin’ s brother, Jozel Buguski.
Curie Finally Moved To Paris
After completing her first experiment, she decided to relocate to Paris, where she lived with her sister and brother- in- law for a few months before moving into her own apartment in the Latin Quarter, where she studied as she continued her studies in physics, chemistry, and mathematics at the University of Paris, enrolling in late 1891.
She was so hard- working, focused on her studies, and sometimes forgot to eat; that was just the nature of her hard work, along with her tutoring life during the evening. After that, she began her scientific career in Paris with an investigation of the magnetic properties of various steels, which was commissioned by the society for the encouragement of national industry.
Her Noble Prize
At this point, Marie Curie had married a man of her nature who had it in mind to invent a scientific aspiration and, as a result, gain them the first prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of science, which awarded the three great researchers, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, and Henri Becquerel, as the best in physics, after they discovered the existence of what are known as X- rays when they traced the previous discoverers who had lived before them.
They took the advantage of making the electrometer a sensitive device for measuring electric charge. While using her husband’ s electrometer, she discovered that the uranium rays caused the air around a sample to conduct electricity, down to the aspect in which the radiation wasn’ t the outcome of some interaction of molecules but must come from the atom itself, as a hypothesis to her result as well.
Marie Curie was the first woman to be awarded the Noble Prize, but she refused to receive the prize in person with her husband in Stockholm, since they were too busy with their work, but later created a chance for that. As a result of their efforts, they were given the opportunity to work at Paris University, where they were given a fully equipped laboratory.
Her second noble prize was awarded in 1911, after her efforts were brought to the attention of the university academy board when she succeeded in isolating radium, which she defined as an international standard for radioactive emissions and which was eventually named after her and her husband, Pierre.
She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for her contributions to the advancement of chemistry through the discovery of the element radium and the study of nature and its compounds.