DO YOU KNOW? Friction Heater Was Invented By American Slave, Charles S. Lewis

Charles S. Lewis Baker was an American inventor who patented the friction heater. He was born on August 3, 1859 during the period of slavery in Savannah, Missouri, into the family of Mackay.

He did not have the companionship of his mother, Betsey Mackay, because she died when he was just three months old and was raised by his stepmother, Sallie Mackay, and his father, Abraham Mackay. He was freed with his siblings after the civil war.

Baker worked with his father as an express agent. He was well and had acquired a sense of creativity as he worked with the wagon and the linchpin, which was a mechanic in science. Apart from his work, Baker attended Franklin College, where he received his high school diploma.

Recall Of The Slave Era

During the period of slavery, many people were taken to various lands and assigned to work on their master’s plantation, narrowly able to develop their talent, such as Tubman, Harriet, and Thomas Fuller, all of whom had valuable inventions during their slavery. The above categories did well in displaying their potential, even to the point of being among the top inventor lists in the world.

It is well known that there were those who had been subjected to a great deal of brutality, but despite this, their lives had meaning. The calling of their lives was also certain. At the time, many Africans were colonized and forced to submit to white control.

Furthermore, they were subjected to not only slavery but also a color race, in which black Americans were barred from participating in a variety of activities, including the prohibition of black Americans from being on public buses with white people.

While from early 1672 to 1710, the rate at which black Americans were sold among American residents was rapid, especially in Virginia, where the African American population continued to increase at a rapid rate and in numbers, it wasn’t like a room of competition for the American people.

During this period, most of their presidents also had enslaved people as part of their property. This means that they were proud of having slaves around them for the purpose of their plantation.

However, when the world began to have its eye opening, the slave era began to reduce first with the Africans, while those who couldn’t trace their family remained in their place of captivity and continued to work for their master.

In most of Maryland and Virginia, many slave people escape from their masters, including those who have joined Tubman Harriet. In fact, on the grounds of granting their freedom, the action led to the building of rebellions among slaves, which contributed to the escape of the enslaved people.

The Fugitive Slave Law Established

Because of the cause of their escape, the United States made a fugitive law saddled with the responsibility of punishing those who have escaped and the residents that have supported the escape.

It hides such things from them. Even with this, many people still have the chance to escape since freedom is what they are fighting for, and not until after the civil war.

Baker’s Attempt To Patent Friction

As an experiment demanded before an invention could take place, Baker on his path had to work numerous times on his product using different methods to make up for his friction, including that of rubbing two bricks together mechanically, along with various kinds of mental effort used in attempting the invention. He persisted with his product until it hit perfection after twenty-three years of experimentation.

The body of the invention had two mental cylinders where the strength of the friction was inside another with a sounding core in the center made of wood, which produced the friction. He became perfect and as well qualified to be among the slave inventors.

Baker Partners With Other Companies

Upon his perfection, he began to work with other manufacturers in order to manufacture more of the heater. And as a result of his commitment, the friction heat, which led to the establishment of the Boiler Company in 1904 in St. Joseph, as he served as the board of directors. In 2018, the company spent more than $4 million on development.

Another aspect of Baker’s description was the idea of having the heater limited to what could power it, in the sense that it could be powered using gasoline, wind, water, or any other source of energy that could help generate the heat.

Baker’s Personal Life And Death

Baker’s personal life has to do with his invention and the enslaved activities that he was involved in. On the other hand, Baker married Carrie Carriger, who was 19 years old at the time of their marriage, and Charles S. Lawis Baker, 21 years old, on December 12, 1880, in Admas County, Lowa. A few years after their marriage, they had Lulu Belle Baker as their only child on January 3, 1882.

Previous said that his mother passed away when he was young and was raised by his stepmother. Baker, however, suffered from pneumonia in St. Joseph, Missouri, and died of the illness on May 5, 1986.

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