The Roman- Jewish War is a series of wars on a large scale between the Jews of the Eastern Mediterranean against the Roman Empire, held in 66 BC and 135 CE.
The major area of concentration goes to the first war between the two nations, which was between 66 and 75BC. Meanwhile, the history behind these wars has had a dramatic impact on the Jewish population.
Though the Jews and the Romans had adopted Greek culture, they were still strong in their tradition, taking the main aspect of their worship despite the fact that they had changed in terms of their worship and belief, but the war discussed here gives many reasons for their battles, which caused causalities and death in thousands between the two nations, ranging from the involvement of a king and his son over the territories of Jews.
The Article In Full: Battle Between The Jews And The Romans
From the onset of the battle between the Jews and the Romans, it has been said that war had dramatically affected the Jews and, at the same time, led them apart into a wounded society, as they were once part of a great major population in the Eastern Mediterranean but had been reduced to a minority after such a series of wars.
The irony of this war was the Judaism act that had caused in the Jews’ land, which is today referred to as the tribe of Judean, the fourth son of Jacob, and as well landed by Abraham.
In addition to the formation of Judaism through this war, which sprung up after the destruction of the second Temple in Jerusalem by Titus’ troops around 70s Bc.
He was the son of Verpasian, who ascended the throne after his father at a time when the war between the Jews and Romans originated between the Greek and Jewish religions, and many Christians believed in the law of Moses.
The war extended to the anti- taxation protest, which tax was placed by King Agripa II over the Jews as a result of overseeing the temple welfare. The same day, the Roman military of the Jews landed an attack on the Roman citizens.
The cause of this was the Roman military campaign against the Jews, which made King Herod Aggripa II flee with his officials. At this point, the Jews’ rebellious were so strong that they had to destroy the Syrian army under Celtius Gallus, who had the intention of rebuilding the second Temple that had been destroyed by the Romans and had more than 6, 000 of their own army destroyed. This was what brought about Titus and his father, Verpasian, crushing the rebellious Jews.
Verpasian And His Son Full Involvement
The mission of King Agrippa II’ s son, Verpasian, was to rid Jerusalem of the Judean rebels, assisted by the four legionaries of King Agrippa II who had fled Jerusalem. Verpasian’ s first success came when he led the first campaign to punish the population and to gain other territories from the Jews involving Galilee, and finally overran Jotapata.
Aside from that, there were other kings who had lost power when they attempted to send the throne to their respective cities, such as Sicerli, the leader of Menaham, were executed by their enemies. Including Simon Bar Gola, who was ousted by the current government of Titus. With time, brave and zealot soldiers arrived in Galilee, where they brought great havoc on the government and made Titus have great influence, adding more danger to Jerusalem and the Jews at large.
The major rulers lost their power alongside the priests, who were the major cause of the battle. They lost their authority and most of their inferiority in the body of the Jewish leaders.
The Group Left With The Power
As it was then, the Jews weren’ t alone. They were surrounded by many neighbors, among whom were the Pharisees. Those without knowledge of the true God and his worship were the Pharisees and they were the only group that had the power to size up the Jews. They were the rebennic group, as at that time, whose power didn’ t come from the military.
Apart from that, the war between the two bodies led to the Pharisees working hard to change the Judaism practice, which they had early practiced with the sacrifice of animal blood and other rituals, but at the defeat and destruction of the temple, they immediately changed how Judaism practiced as they practiced daily worship of God and involvement of the rebbenic priesthood.
The main reason for the conflict is the upset of the Greek religious tension that resulted in the destruction of the Second Temple, alongside with the anti- taxation protest held by the Jews against the Romans over King Herod Aggripa II.