Interesting: See What Jews Do In Yeshiva

Over the years, the Jewish group or Jews are one group of people who have suffered a lot of brutal killings and persecution even without having to do anything at all, and when listing the names of people who were the core persecutors of the Jewish religion, Adolf Hitler takes the lead position. Today, however, we will be learning about a new aspect of this religion. Let’ s read. . .

Story On What Jews Really Do In Yeshiva

Yeshiva is the term used to refer to any of the various Jewish Talmudic academies whose biblical and legal exegesis and application of Scripture have defined and regulated Jewish religious life for generations. The early history of the yeshiva as an institution is only known through circumstantial evidence, and the term itself was not coined until the 1st century AD.

Rabbinic literature references religious education during the biblical patriarchs’ time, as well as the biblical patriarchs’ bondage in Egypt and wandering in the wilderness; Ecclesiasticus, written around 190 BC, mentions Ben Sira’ s school. In the first century AD, the sages Hillel and Shammai led influential religious institutions.

The Great Sanhedrin, the top judicial council, was considered the greatest source of religious instruction during the period of the Second Temple of Jerusalem (6th century BC– AD 70).

The Sanhedrin’ s function as a bet din (” house of judgment” ) was inextricably linked to its function as a bet midrash (” house of study” ); the Sanhedrin’ s sages were eager to gather and train students well versed in Jewish law so that they could participate in deliberations conducted by the Sanhedrin or by local courts under its jurisdiction.

Before issuing a judicial judgment, its 71 members would ” sit” in front of students (thus the Hebrew yeshiva and Aramaic metivta) and study written and oral (Halakha) law.

Following the fall of the Second Temple in AD 70, religious activity revolved around the great rabbis, who lived outside of Jerusalem at the time. The yeshiva of Johanan ben Zakkai, who established an academy along the Judaean seashore at Jabneh (or Jamnia, now Yibna), was of considerable importance during this time.

Simeon ben Gamaliel (died 175) and his son Judah ha- Nasi (c. 135– c. 220), who completed the composition of the Mishna, were the succeeding tanaim (” teachers” ) and sages who dominated religious learning. From the mid- third century onward, Jewish study focused on the amoraim’ s (” lecturers, ” or ” interpreters” )’ legal exegesis of the Mishna. Yeshivas were founded in Lydda, Caesarea, Sepphoris, and Tiberias in Palestine.

These academies were responsible for the production of the Palestinian Talmud as well as the gathering of Midrashim (homiletic commentaries on the Bible).

Other yeshivas developed in Babylonia at the same time, with two of them achieving international recognition. Abba Arika established the first after his arrival in Sura in 218. Judah bar Ezekiel put up the other at Pumbedita. Between c. 200 and 1040, these two yeshivas wielded enormous power as learning centers, issuing ” official” interpretations of the law.

Others were formed in Spain, France, Italy, Germany, and central Europe as the Babylonian yeshivas faded. Then, as the Jewish community expanded east, exceptional yeshivas arose in Poland.

Expulsion Of The Jews In 1492

Following the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, important new centers of Jewish study arose in Turkey and Palestine. The brutal persecutions of 1648– 49 struck the Polish yeshivas hard, but by the late 18th century, a mystical and pietistic movement known as asidism had won over huge numbers of Polish and Ukrainian Jews, and new yeshivas had sprouted.

When the Eastern European Enlightenment movement (Haskala) challenged yeshiva traditions by adapting Judaism to modern society in the latter part of the 18th century, Ayyim ben Isaac attempted to offset its impact by founding a yeshiva (1803) in Volozhin, Russia (now Valozhyn, Belarus).

It had a huge impact on Russian Jewry until it closed in 1892. Volozhin deviated from the usual curriculum of European (Lithuanian, Polish, and Hungarian) yeshivas by integrating secular disciplines into the teaching of future rabbis.

The Etz Ayyim of New York (1886), modeled after the Volozhin yeshiva, was the first yeshiva in the United States. It became the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Yeshiva in 1896, then Yeshiva College in 1928, and finally Yeshiva University in 1945.

Nazi Persecution Of European Jews

Many yeshivas were destroyed during the Nazi persecution of European Jews prior to and during World War II (1939– 45), and many academics and rabbinic students were compelled to seek refuge in other countries, including England, Canada, the United States, and Palestine. The most prominent yeshivas nowadays are found in the United States and Israel.

Yeshivas are not commonly used to refer to rabbinical seminaries in Reform and Conservative Judaism. A day school run by Orthodox Jews in the United States is described as a ” small yeshiva” in the United States.

In conclusion, Jews or Jewish people, despite being one of the most persecuted and disturbed religions, still find ways to carry on with their religious activities. Thanks to the United States and Israel, this religion no longer lives in fear.

Thanks for reading.

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