African Black people are surrounded by a diverse range of tribes and religions, particularly in Nigeria, which has a large number of ethnic groups. First, they stated that the major languages in Nigeria are Igbo, Hausa, and Yoruba.
But what about the tribes attached to it, such as the origin of the Ekoi? Are they different from the African people? No, the reason being that if one should count the population in Nigeria, the Ekoi are to be included, and that is why we are to grab knowledge from their existence, even though it seems forgotten among the tribes.
The full recognition of the Ekoi people has been found in the extremely large group of Nigerians, who have it attached to the Eastward of Cameroon, including its Southwest as well as their existence there.
These groups of people are also found to be related to other tribes such as the Efik, Annang, Ibibio, and the Igbo, though they are also found with the Nde, Ogoja, Otukpo, and Akparobong in Ikom.
The Ekoi people basically originated from the Ibibio and have settled in the land which they believe to have inherited from their forefathers.
Every other tribe found there, aside from them, are straigers who purchase the land for their own benefit and settlement as well. Even though they might all speak the same language as one. They claim to have lived in peace, deep down, starting from those who live in Southwest Cameron, they all live in different ways, meaning that they were not really in peace.
However, during the Colonial regime, there was a division between the British and the German leaders, which followed the death of the European leader who led as a Colonial leader in Africa.
His death was said to have opened the door for the British leader to scatter the Ekoi people around the world by attempting to involve them in a battle that split them up; today, some can be found in southeast Nigeria and southwest Cameron, speaking the same language but never defending themselves during the battle.
They were also taken as slaves in Cuba and acted as headdresses and forms of drums for their lords.
The Ekoi Occupation
Even with the development of modernized ways of life, the Ekio have continued to live with what they brought with them during their ancient days.
The Ekio, beginning with their men, are known as traditional hunters who go out to hurt games of various kinds. This act alone makes them appear lazy, as their women were the main people who went out to cultivate things such as yam plantations, maize, and fish, along with the weaving art.
These were the attributes and nature of their strength in search of green pastures, which are still found in most of their survivors as well. People say that an Ekio woman’ s beauty lies in the art of construction or things she has made; they love dancing and can dance better with their mates than most cultures in Nigeria.
The Ekoi Culture
Following the history of the Ekoi, they are classified into seven clans, all of which are said to be patrilineal in nature; that is, they have the structure and perform most of their activities as males.
Along with their individuality, they are known for the making of art, such as sculptures and the materials normally designed for a king’ s royal home. They are also known for their well- designed masks, which differ from others.
This is why it is easy to say that the Ekoi people in person are best known for the design of this sculpture art and, as well, for having the best in design. They could also design their bodies by making it a fashion to be attractive, including the criticism they get from males as well.
The reason they were criticized for using such a design was that the males were the only ones to be found with such a design and they were mostly those set for battle, even though there was not much battle in Ekoi aside from the British- Ekoi war which was held between 1899 and 1904, the battle which set them apart.
The Two Societies In Ekoi
Another was the society, of which they were normally called the Ngbe and the Nnimm, which were found in their community and expected to be attended by both females and males.
In such a society, the main addressed people had a history and believed in an old king whose body was captured in the form of a fish by a woman after his death as a mockery and a shame to the royal house and was named Tanza.
The question was this: what was the woman really after when she coughed up the king’ s body in the form of a fish? Just as normal, she might want to prepare a meal with it, not knowing that her actions were seen by a man who killed her and created the Leopard society, also known as the Ngbe society, and at the same time, served as a design for the drum.
Aside from the design, the fish structure has other meanings, starting from the representation of the roaring fish and the leopard, who, despite being a wife anal, became a sign from God showing his kindness and existence to worship.
After that, came the Nnimm society, mostly located for unmarried girls as a society where they could showcase their beauty and, if possible, their muture of differences.
While they gather, expect them to spend some time on some materials such as body painting or calabash, which they use to cover their bodies, including the use of leather necklaces.
However, much of the design was said to have believed in them. Even as slaves during the British era, the Ekoi retained their ancient culture, with design and headdress methods found in their women.
Though they might contribute to the existence of their culture, they do not vividly embrace it since it is never their inherited culture either.
Ways Of Marriage
Coming to the aspect of marriage, just as every culture has, so also the Ekoi. It comprises the use of beans and pig meat. Dancers with perfect dancing attributes carry the beans on their heads while oil pours on their bodies, dancing with the bride and groom, carrying their wives on their hands and dancing as well.
If a lady is found to have not paid her bride price, the man in question has no right over the children, and if care isn’ t taken, the children might die one after the other until the marriage right is done.