This is an open eye to what Kongo has done by its previous formal king of Kongo when he single- handedly defeated the Portuguese and restored slavery to Brazil. Meanwhile, let’ s start with the formation of the kingdom of Kongo.
The first king of Kongo, Dya Ntolila, was a descendant of Nima a Nzima and luqueni luansanze’ s son, who appears to have been the founder of the Kongo kingdom when he defeated the Mwene Kabunga, a kingdom that lies on the mountain top known today as the Mountain of Kongo, as well as transforming the town there into its capital, Mbanza Kongo.
Most leaders who had followed the king in battle claimed to be related to him or had contributed to his conquests or victories over enemies were referred to as Kilukeni, who had ruled with him until 1567.
Meanwhile, the kingdom’ s culture is based on basic tradition understanding and tracing. Mbokani Mavinga ruled after the death of Nimi a Lakeni over 1467 years with his two wives and nine children. He was able to leave a great legacy when he expanded the kingdom of Kongo and abstracted other related or neighboring kingdoms to his, through war, like Loango and other areas occupied by the Republic of Congo.
As it remains a centralized kingdom with power, government positions are given to members of a ruling king or a client of the king’ s choice. The kingdom is described by early Portuguese travelers as a large, populated kingdom that lived primarily through farming and hunting of animals in the bush. They are well rounded with natural resources such as gold, diamonds, and ivory, and the production of cloth.
How The Portuguese Encountered The Kongo Kingdom
The Portuguese became the first European country to encounter or find the Kongo kingdom through a sailor, Diogo Cao, as he traveled around preaching the gospel.
He was so hearted and loved by the kingdom’ s residents and king, through which he was able to convert many to Christianity, and perform baptisms of residents of the kingdom, along with his Roman Catholic priest, baptizing the Nzinga kingdom. He also socialized the kingdom after establishing schools and a place of worship.
A great privilege was given to the Portuguese in the kingdom, which influenced the ideal of making Kongo residents slaves to the Portuguese, which means that the kingdom of Kongo became slaves to the Portuguese. Although the act of slavery had existed in the Kongo kingdom before the arrival of the Portuguese, that makes it worse than expected, which proves that slaves obtained by the Portuguese are captivities of war.
At this point, Afonso, the aspiring Kongo leader, became a source through which the residents were set as slaves in order to gain power in the southern and eastern border regions of the kingdom.
The First Kongo– Portuguese War
The first Kongo– Portuguese war began in 1622 as a result of a Portuguese campaign for the throne in which Afonso was involved. He was apprehended and asked to return to the armies involved in his campaign, which led to his death by Kongo armies.
Before that, the Portuguese armies led many lives to death in the Mbumbi kingdom, including the neighboring Mpemba kingdom, which caused a massive slaughter of Portuguese armies by the newly crowned King of Kongo when he brought armies and troops from Soyo down to Mbamba during the execution of his judgment first with the Portuguese there.
The End Of War
Having seen how severe his actions were over the Portuguese, the Kongo residents wrote in mercy to their invasion of the Kongo border and neighboring kingdoms. The same happened with the second and third wars, until the Portuguese agreed to lay off their cloth for victory despite being assisted by the Soyo kingdom.
While this was going on, the two nations lost their armies and resources to each other. Especially the Portuguese.
With King Diogo ascending the throne, he was able to put an end to the slave trade agreement made with Afanso and the previous king. He was sure that millions of Portuguese armies were killed and quietly sent from the kingdom, but with little lasting effect. From here came the Dutch of Kongo, who formed allies with Kongo to help fight enemies, and these were the groups of kingdoms that helped Kongo win total control over the Portuguese.