Tracing the history of Nigeria on two bases, which are the period of colonization and that of the independent period. Nigeria today is one of the countries that is widely open to holding and accommodating strangers in which numerous ancient African civilizations settled in its region, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo empire.
When speaking of the existence of Islam, it reached Nigeria through the Borno Empire, which was between (1068 AD) and the Hausa state during the 11th century. Nigerians before their independence had to undergo the leadership of colonization, which started with a British leader known as Sir Lugard Frederick.
The History Of Colonization
Nigerian colonization by Britain first started in Lagos, which was occupied by British forces in 1851. It became a British protectorate in 1901, under which it was ruled by the British leader till 1960, when it became independent.
Meanwhile, the history of Nigeria, along with its leader, Sir Lugard Frederick, began when he was sworn in as the first Nigeria governor at the courthouse on January 1, 1914. Even when the Igbo stayed to gain their freedom, it was said to be a world of slavery trade and molestation by the British. They were those that occupied Lagos state, which was basically for slave business.
One of the administrators during that period was Captain John Glover, who created the Nigerian militia that served as a Nigerian police force in the hausa troop in 1861 before Lugard came into full force.
Yet Lugard was the one who brought the whole issue of colonization in Nigeria to a close, had his first tenure as high commissioner of the northern Nigerian Protectorate in 1900.
He was trained as an army officer and had served in India, where he expelled Arab slave traders from Nyasaland and established a British presence in Uganda.
Joining the Royal Niger Company in 1894, Lugard was sent to Borgu to counter roads made by the French, and in 1897 he was made responsible for raising the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) from local levies to serve under British officers. He had greater successors, particularly in Lagos, where he seized the authority of the Sokoto emir and their caliphate, which began in early Kano.
The Royal Niger Company
The Niger Royal Company was a series of areas that brought the British into the Niger River as a result of the resources and riches found in the Niger.
It was said that their marchants were brought into the land. Even though they were involved in the slave trade, not until it was abolished and brought about the fastest growing company in the Delta city. The British forced their workers to meet their quato forcely in order to meet up with the growing competition between the delta and Lagos, which was the fastest growing company as well.
Aside from that, the headquarters were said to be in Lokaja, where they had full responsibility and involvement, but they also kept a depot on the Benue River. Aside from that, the Niger royals had their own force, which included a river fleet for retaliatory attacks on uncooperative villages.
The Military Conquest
The military conquest of the British in Nigeria was as bad as it is. The British destroyed most of the newly created areas in Nigeria to prove their existence and to increase their influence, starting with destroying the Igboland of Arochukwu, where they used most of the troops as hausa against other tribes and religions, which started in 1901 to 1902.
In 1892, came the defeat of the Ijabu empire by the British. Even though the Ijebu had what it took to defeat the British, they failed due to some technical knowledge applied by the British.
What about the fall of Kano in 1903 and the Protectorate, not the Sokoto empire? In fact, they were involved in post- destroying the states and enforcing taxation on men. Though Lugard was slow in defeating the Kano, he did so gradually until he eventually destroyed the Kano empire.
The Nigerian Independent
Following the British leadership came Nigerian independence, which happened to be the second imperialism granted by a British Act of Parliament on October 1, 1960.
Nnamdi Azikiwe became the general governor of Nigeria along with the leadership of Belewa, who continued to serve as the head of the democratically elected parliament, which means he is the head of the electoral head. However, it was the responsibility of Nnamdi Azikiwe, who became the General Governor, to appoint his own prime minister, which could be from any of the leaders, especially when there was no parliament.
Since the general governor had power over the prime minister and had power over the government at that time, the prime minister was responsible for the elected leaders, including the house of Representatives, during the creature of independence.
In coming to the area of the Constitution, it was said to follow the model in both its state and its arrangements. The northerners were those who were left behind in this aspect due to the springing of Islamic law and custom. However, the two imperialists fell around the British period and the independent era.